Original operating instructions
Information about the documentation
About this documentation
- Read this documentation before initial operation or use. This is a prerequisite for safe, trouble-free handling and use of the product.
- Observe the safety instructions and warnings in this documentation and on the product.
- Always keep the operating instructions with the product and make sure that the operating instructions are with the product when it is given to other persons.
Explanation of symbols used
WarningsWarnings alert persons to hazards that occur when handling or using the product. The following signal words are used:
Symbols in the documentationThe following symbols are used in this document:
|Read the operating instructions before use.
|Instructions for use and other useful information
|Dealing with recyclable materials
|Do not dispose of electric equipment and batteries as household waste
Symbols in the illustrationsThe following symbols are used in illustrations:
|These numbers refer to the corresponding illustrations found at the beginning of these operating instructions
|The numbering reflects the sequence of operations shown in the illustrations and may deviate from the steps described in the text
|Item reference numbers are used in the overview illustrations and refer to the numbers used in the product overview section
|This symbol is intended to draw special attention to certain points when handling the product.
Symbols on the productThe following symbols can be used on the product:
|The power tool supports near-field communication (NFC) technology, which is compatible with iOS and Android platforms.
|Hilti Li-ion battery type series used. Observe the information given in the section headed Intended use .
|Never use the battery as a striking tool.
|Do not drop the battery. Never use a battery that has suffered an impact or is damaged in any other way.
|Direct current (DC)
|Wear protective glasses!
|Revolutions per minute
|Revolutions per minute
Product informationproducts are designed for professional users and only trained, authorized personnel are permitted to operate, service and maintain the products. This personnel must be specifically informed about the possible hazards. The product and its ancillary equipment can present hazards if used incorrectly by untrained personnel or if used not in accordance with the intended use.
The type designation and serial number are printed on the rating plate.
- Write down the serial number in the table below. You will be required to state the product details when contacting Hilti Service or your local Hilti organization to inquire about the product.
Cordless die grinder GDG 6‑A22 Generation 01 Serial no.
Declaration of conformityWe declare, on our sole responsibility, that the product described here complies with the applicable directives and standards. A copy of the declaration issued by the certification department can be found at the end of this documentation.
The technical documentation is filed here:
Hilti Entwicklungsgesellschaft mbH | Tool Certification | Hiltistrasse 6 | 86916 Kaufering, Germany
General power tool safety warningsWARNING Read all safety warnings, instructions, illustrations and specifications provided with this power tool. Failure to follow all instructions listed below may result in electric shock, fire and/or serious injury.
Save all warnings and instructions for future reference.
The term "power tool" in the warnings refers to your mains-operated (corded) power tool or battery-operated (cordless) power tool.
Work area safety
- Keep work area clean and well lit. Cluttered or dark areas invite accidents.
- Do not operate power tools in explosive atmospheres, such as in the presence of flammable liquids, gases or dust. Power tools create sparks which may ignite the dust or fumes.
- Keep children and bystanders away while operating a power tool. Distractions can cause you to lose control.
- Power tool plugs must match the outlet. Never modify the plug in any way. Do not use any adapter plugs with earthed (grounded) power tools. Unmodified plugs and matching outlets will reduce risk of electric shock.
- Avoid body contact with earthed or grounded surfaces, such as pipes, radiators, ranges and refrigerators. There is an increased risk of electric shock if your body is earthed or grounded.
- Do not expose power tools to rain or wet conditions. Water entering a power tool will increase the risk of electric shock.
- Do not abuse the cord. Never use the cord for carrying, pulling or unplugging the power tool. Keep cord away from heat, oil, sharp edges or moving parts. Damaged or entangled cords increase the risk of electric shock.
- When operating a power tool outdoors, use an extension cord suitable for outdoor use. Use of a cord suitable for outdoor use reduces the risk of electric shock.
- If operating a power tool in a damp location is unavoidable, use a residual current device (RCD) protected supply. Use of an RCD reduces the risk of electric shock.
- Stay alert, watch what you are doing and use common sense when operating a power tool. Do not use a power tool while you are tired or under the influence of drugs, alcohol or medication. A moment of inattention while operating power tools may result in serious personal injury.
- Use personal protective equipment. Always wear eye protection. Protective equipment such as a dust mask, non-skid safety shoes, hard hat or hearing protection used for appropriate conditions will reduce personal injuries.
- Prevent unintentional starting. Ensure the switch is in the off-position before connecting to power source and/or battery pack, picking up or carrying the tool. Carrying power tools with your finger on the switch or energising power tools that have the switch on invites accidents.
- Remove any adjusting key or wrench before turning the power tool on. A wrench or a key left attached to a rotating part of the power tool may result in personal injury.
- Do not overreach. Keep proper footing and balance at all times. This enables better control of the power tool in unexpected situations.
- Dress properly. Do not wear loose clothing or jewellery. Keep your hair and clothing away from moving parts. Loose clothes, jewellery or long hair can be caught in moving parts.
- If devices are provided for the connection of dust extraction and collection facilities, ensure these are connected and properly used. Use of dust collection can reduce dust-related hazards.
- Do not let familiarity gained from frequent use of tools allow you to become complacent and ignore tool safety principles. A careless action can cause severe injury within a fraction of a second.
- Do not force the power tool. Use the correct power tool for your application. The correct power tool will do the job better and safer at the rate for which it was designed.
- Do not use the power tool if the switch does not turn it on and off. Any power tool that cannot be controlled with the switch is dangerous and must be repaired.
- Disconnect the plug from the power source and/or remove the battery pack, if detachable, from the power tool before making any adjustments, changing accessories, or storing power tools. Such preventive safety measures reduce the risk of starting the power tool accidentally.
- Store idle power tools out of the reach of children and do not allow persons unfamiliar with the power tool or these instructions to operate the power tool. Power tools are dangerous in the hands of untrained users.
- Maintain power tools and accessories. Check for misalignment or binding of moving parts, breakage of parts and any other condition that may affect the power tool’s operation. If damaged, have the power tool repaired before use. Many accidents are caused by poorly maintained power tools.
- Keep cutting tools sharp and clean. Properly maintained cutting tools with sharp cutting edges are less likely to bind and are easier to control.
- Use the power tool, accessories and tool bits etc. in accordance with these instructions, taking into account the working conditions and the work to be performed. Use of the power tool for operations different from those intended could result in a hazardous situation.
- Keep handles and grasping surfaces dry, clean and free from oil and grease. Slippery handles and grasping surfaces do not allow for safe handling and control of the tool in unexpected situations.
- Recharge only with the charger specified by the manufacturer. A charger that is suitable for one type of battery pack may create a risk of fire when used with another battery pack.
- Use power tools only with specifically designated battery packs. Use of any other battery packs may create a risk of injury and fire.
- When battery pack is not in use, keep it away from other metal objects, like paper clips, coins, keys, nails, screws or other small metal objects, that can make a connection from one terminal to another. Shorting the battery terminals together may cause burns or a fire.
- Under abusive conditions, liquid may be ejected from the battery; avoid contact. If contact accidentally occurs, flush with water. If liquid contacts eyes, additionally seek medical help. Liquid ejected from the battery may cause irritation or burns.
- Do not use a battery pack or tool that is damaged or modified. Damaged or modified batteries may exhibit unpredictable behaviour resulting in fire, explosion or risk of injury.
- Do not expose a battery pack or tool to fire or excessive temperature. Exposure to fire or temperature above 130° C (265 °F) may cause explosion.
- Follow all charging instructions and do not charge the battery pack or tool outside the temperature range specified in the instructions. Charging improperly or at temperatures outside the specified range may damage the battery and increase the risk of fire.
- Have your power tool serviced by a qualified repair person using only identical replacement parts. This will ensure that the safety of the power tool is maintained.
- Never service damaged battery packs. Service of battery packs should only be performed by the manufacturer or authorized service providers.
Safety warnings common for grinding, sanding, wire brushing, polishing, carving or abrasive cutting-off operations:
- This power tool is intended to function as a grinder, sander, wire brush, polisher, carving or cut-off tool. Read all safety warnings, instructions, illustrations and specifications provided with this power tool. Failure to follow all instructions listed below may result in electric shock, fire and / or serious injury.
- Do not use accessories which are not specifically designed and recommended by the tool manufacturer. Just because the accessory can be attached to your power tool, it does not assure safe operation.
- The rated speed of the grinding accessories must be at least equal to the maximum speed marked on the power tool. Grinding accessories running faster than their rated speed can break and fly apart.
- The outside diameter and the thickness of your accessory must be within the capacity rating of your power tool. Incorrectly sized accessories cannot be adequately controlled.
- The arbour size of wheels, sanding drums or any other accessory must properly fit the spindle or collet of the power tool. Accessories that do not match the mounting hardware of the power tool will run out of balance, vibrate excessively and may cause loss of control.
- Mandrel mounted wheels, sanding drums, cutters or other accessories must be fully inserted into the collet or chuck. If the mandrel is insufficiently held and/or the overhang of the wheel is too long, the mounted wheel may become loose and be ejected at high velocity.
- Do not use a damaged accessory. Before each use inspect the accessory such as abrasive wheels for chips and cracks, sanding drum for cracks, tear or excess wear, wire brush for loose or cracked wires. If power tool or accessory is dropped, inspect for damage or install an undamaged accessory. After inspecting and installing an accessory, position yourself and bystanders away from the plane of the rotating accessory and run the power tool at maximum no-load speed for one minute. Damaged accessories will normally break apart during this test time.
- Wear personal protective equipment. Depending on application, use face shield, safety goggles or safety glasses. As appropriate, wear dust mask, hearing protectors, gloves and workshop apron capable of stopping small abrasive or workpiece fragments. The eye protection must be capable of stopping flying debris generated by various operations. The dust mask or respirator must be capable of filtrating particles generated by your operation. Prolonged exposure to high intensity noise may cause hearing loss.
- Keep bystanders a safe distance away from work area. Anyone entering the work area must wear personal protective equipment. Fragments of workpiece or of a broken accessory may fly away and cause injury beyond immediate area of operation.
- Hold power tool by insulated gripping surfaces only, when performing an operation where the cutting accessory may contact hidden wiring. Cutting accessory contacting a "live" wire may make exposed metal parts of the power tool "live" and could give the operator an electric shock.
- Always hold the tool firmly in your hand(s) during the start-up. The reaction torque of the motor, as it accelerates to full speed, can cause the tool to twist.
- Use clamps to support workpiece whenever practical. Never hold a small workpiece in one hand and the tool in the other hand while in use. Clamping a small workpiece allows you to use your hand(s) to control the tool. Round material such as dowel rods, pipes or tubing have a tendency to roll while being cut, and may cause the bit to bind or jump toward you.
- Never lay the power tool down until the accessory has come to a complete stop. The spinning accessory may grab the surface and pull the power tool out of your control.
- After changing the bits or making any adjustments, make sure the collet nut, chuck or any other adjustment devices are securely tightened. Loose adjustment devices can unexpectedly shift, causing loss of control, loose rotating components will be violently thrown.
- Do not run the power tool while carrying it at your side. Accidental contact with the spinning accessory could snag your clothing, pulling the accessory into your body.
- Regularly clean the power tool’s air vents. The motor’s fan will draw the dust inside the housing and excessive accumulation of powdered metal may cause electrical hazards.
- Do not operate the power tool near flammable materials. Sparks could ignite these materials.
- Do not use accessories that require liquid coolants. Using water or other liquid coolants may result in electrocution or shock.
For example, if an abrasive wheel is snagged or pinched by the workpiece, the edge of the wheel that is entering into the pinch point can dig into the surface of the material causing the wheel to climb out or kick out. The wheel may either jump toward or away from the operator, depending on direction of the wheel’s movement at the point of pinching. Abrasive wheels may also break under these conditions.
Kickback is the result of power tool misuse and/or incorrect operating procedures or conditions and can be avoided by taking proper precautions as given below.
- Maintain a firm grip on the power tool and position your body and arm to allow you to resist kickback forces. The operator can control kickback forces, if proper precautions are taken.
- Use special care when working corners, sharp edges etc. Avoid bouncing and snagging the accessory. Corners, sharp edges or bouncing have a tendency to snag the rotating accessory and cause loss of control or kickback.
- Do not attach a toothed saw blade. Such blades create frequent kickback and loss of control.
- Always feed the bit into the material in the same direction as the cutting edge is exiting from the material (which is the same direction as the chips are thrown). Feeding the tool in the wrong direction causes the cutting edge of the bit to climb out of the work and pull the tool in the direction of this feed.
- When using rotary files, cut-off wheels, high-speed cutters or tungsten carbide cutters, always have the work securely clamped. These wheels will grab if they become slightly canted in the groove, and can kickback. When a cut-off wheel grabs, the wheel itself usually breaks. When a rotary file, high-speed cutter or tungsten carbide cutter grabs, it may jump from the groove and you could lose control of the tool.
- Use only wheel types that are recommended for your power tool and only for recommended applications. For example: do not grind with the side of a cut-off wheel. Abrasive cut-off wheels are intended for peripheral grinding, side forces applied to these wheels may cause them to shatter.
- For threaded abrasive cones and plugs use only undamaged wheel mandrels with an unrelieved shoulder flange that are of correct size and length. Proper mandrels will reduce the possibility of breakage.
- Do not “jam” a cut-off wheel or apply excessive pressure. Do not attempt to make an excessive depth of cut. Overstressing the wheel increases the loading and susceptibility to twisting or snagging of the wheel in the cut and the possibility of kickback or wheel breakage.
- Do not position your hand in line with and behind the rotating wheel. When the wheel, at the point of operation, is moving away from your hand, the possible kickback may propel the spinning wheel and the power tool directly at you.
- When wheel is pinched, snagged or when interrupting a cut for any reason, switch off the power tool and hold the power tool motionless until the wheel comes to a complete stop. Never attempt to remove the cut-off wheel from the cut while the wheel is in motion otherwise kickback may occur. Investigate and take corrective action to eliminate the cause of wheel pinching or snagging.
- Do not restart the cutting operation in the workpiece. Let the wheel reach full speed and carefully re-enter the cut. The wheel may bind, walk up or kickback if the power tool is restarted in the workpiece.
- Support panels or any oversized workpiece to minimize the risk of wheel pinching and kickback. Large workpieces tend to sag under their own weight. Supports must be placed under the workpiece near the line of cut and near the edge of the workpiece on both sides of the wheel.
- Use extra caution when making a “pocket cut” into existing walls or other blind areas. The protruding wheel may cut gas or water pipes, electrical wiring or objects that can cause kickback.
- Be aware that wire bristles are thrown by the brush even during ordinary operation. Do not overstress the wires by applying excessive load to the brush. The wire bristles can easily penetrate light clothing and/or skin.
- Allow brushes to run at operating speed for at least one minute before using them. During this time no one is to stand in front or in line with the brush. Loose bristles or wires will be discharged during the run-in time.
- Direct the discharge of the spinning wire brush away from you. Small particles and tiny wire fragments may be discharged at high velocity during the use of these brushes and may become imbedded in your skin.
Battery use and care
- Observe the special regulations and instructions applicable to the transport, storage and use of Li-ion batteries.
- Do not expose batteries to high temperatures, direct sunlight or fire.
- Do not disassemble, crush or incinerate batteries and do not subject them to temperatures over 80 °C.
- Do not use or charge batteries that have suffered mechanical impact, have been dropped from a height or show signs of damage. In this case, always contact your Hilti Service .
- If the battery is too hot to touch it may be defective. In this case, place the product in a non-flammable location, well away from flammable materials, where it can be kept under observation and allowed to cool down. In this case, always contact your Hilti Service .
Additional safety instructions
- When using the product, hold it in such a way that grinding dust, flying sparks and possible flying fragments of the accessory tool or workpiece cannot hit you.
- When changing the accessory tool, use only neatly fitting and undamaged wrenches.
- Accessory tools must run perfectly round. Do not use accessory tools that are out of round.
- Do not attempt to remove chips or splinters of material while the product is still running. Switch the product off.
- Switch the power tool on only after it is in position at the workpiece.
- Wear protective gloves when changing accessory tools, because the accessory tool and the chuck get hot during use.
- Take breaks between working and do relaxation and finger exercises to improve the blood circulation in your fingers. Exposure to vibration during long periods of work can lead to disorders of the blood vessels and nervous system in the fingers, hands and wrists.
- Make sure that the workplace is well ventilated and, where necessary, wear a respirator appropriate for the type of dust generated.
- Clean the shank of the accessory tool before inserting it. Make sure that the shank of the accessory tool is always inserted at least 20 mm into the collet. After inserting the accessory tool, always securely tighten the clamping nut. An inadequately secured accessory tool could work loose during operation and fly away from the product.
- Use only accessory tools that comply with the specifications in the technical data.
Overview of the product
- Clamping nut with collet
- Neck / front grip
- Lockable on/off switch
- Adjusting knob for speed
- Battery release button
- Dust filter
- Small wrench, 12 mm
- Large wrench, 17 mm
The product described is a die grinder. It is designed for working on metal. It is designed for grinding and abrasive cutting, for wire brushing, for polishing and for routing.Use only accessory tools with a shank diameter appropriate for the collet mounted on the product. Comply with the information in the technical data.
The product is suitable for dry use only, without water for cooling.
Use only Hilti lithium‑ion batteries of the B 22 series with this product.
Use only Hilti -approved battery chargers to charge these batteries. More information is available from your Hilti Store or from www.hilti.group
Items suppliedDie grinder, 2 wrenches, operating instructions
Other system products approved for use with this product can be found at your local Hilti Store or at: www.hilti.group
Li-ion battery charge status displayThe charge status of the Li‑ion battery is displayed after one of the two battery release buttons is pressed.
|4 LEDs light.
||Charge status: 75 % to 100 %
|3 LEDs light.
||Charge status: 50 % to 75 %
|2 LEDs light.
||Charge status: 25 % to 50 %
|1 LED lights up.
||Charge status: 10 % to 25 %
|1 LED flashes.
||Charge status: < 10 %
|Weight including B22⁄8.0 battery
||10,000 /min … 25,000 /min
(166.7 Hz … 416.7 Hz)
|Required minimum speed, accessory tool
||≥ 25,000 /min
(≥ 416.7 Hz)
|Working diameter, accessory tool
||≤ 55 mm
(≤ 2.2 in)
|Shank diameter, accessory tool
||Collet, 6 mm
|Collet, 1⁄4 inch
|Width across flats, spindle
|Width across flats, clamping nut
||−20 ℃ … 70 ℃
(−4 ℉ … 158 ℉)
|Ambient temperature for operation
||−17 ℃ … 60 ℃
(1 ℉ … 140 ℉)
|Battery operating voltage
|Ambient temperature for operation
||−17 ℃ … 60 ℃
(1 ℉ … 140 ℉)
||−20 ℃ … 40 ℃
(−4 ℉ … 104 ℉)
|Battery charging starting temperature
||−10 ℃ … 45 ℃
(14 ℉ … 113 ℉)
Preparations at the workplaceObserve the safety instructions and warnings in this documentation and on the product.
Charging the battery
- Before charging the battery, read the operating instructions for the charger.
- Make sure that the contacts on the battery and the contacts on the charger are clean and dry.
- Use an approved charger to charge the battery.
Inserting the battery
- Charge the battery fully before using it for the first time.
- Push the battery into the battery holder until it engages with an audible click.
- Check that the battery is seated securely.
Removing the battery
- Press the battery release buttons.
- Remove the battery from the tool.
Changing the accessory tool
- Hold the collet with the small wrench and use the large wrench to loosen the clamping nut.
- Pull the accessory tool out of the collet.
- Insert the shank of the accessory tool as far as it will go into the collet.
- Exposed shaft length L0 cannot be more than 10 mm. The shank of the accessory tool must be inserted at least 20 mm into the collet.
- Hold the collet with the small wrench and use the large wrench to tighten the clamping nut.
- Check that the accessory tool is held securely.
OperationObserve the safety instructions and warnings in this documentation and on the product.
- Press the rear section of the on/off switch.
- Slide the on/off switch forward.
- The motor runs.
- The motor runs.
- Lock the on/off switch.
Types of work
- Switch the tool on.
- By turning the adjusting knob for speed, set a speed that is suitable for the accessory tool and the planned use.
- Use only the intended working face of the accessory tool. Example: Never try to use the flat side of an abrasive cut-off wheel for grinding. Abrasive cut-off wheels are intended for cutting at their peripheral edge.
- Secure the workpiece. Never try work with a small workpiece held in one hand and the die grinder held in the other. Always hold the die grinder with both hands on the grips provided.
- Guide the die grinder to the workpiece. Apply moderate pressure and do not press the accessory tool into the material.
- Press the rear section of the on/off switch.
- The on/off switch jumps into the off position and the motor stops.
- The on/off switch jumps into the off position and the motor stops.
Care and maintenanceCare and maintenance of the tool
- Carefully remove stubborn dirt.
- Clean the air vents carefully with a dry brush.
- Use only a slightly damp cloth to clean the casing. Do not use cleaning agents containing silicone as these can attack the plastic parts.
- Keep the battery free from oil and grease.
- Use only a slightly damp cloth to clean the casing. Do not use cleaning agents containing silicone as these may attack the plastic parts.
- Avoid ingress of moisture.
- Check all visible parts and controls for signs of damage at regular intervals and make sure that they all function correctly.
- Do not operate the product if signs of damage are found or if parts malfunction. Have it repaired immediately by Hilti Service.
- After cleaning and maintenance, fit all guards or protective devices and check that they function correctly.
Changing clamping nut
- Hold the spindle with the small wrench and use the large wrench to loosen the clamping nut.
- If applicable, pull the accessory tool out of the collet.
- Unscrew the clamping nut with collet from the die grinder.
- Position the new clamping nut with collet on the spindle, engage the threads and loosely screw the clamping nut on to the spindle. Do not tighten the clamping nut.
Transport and storage of cordless toolsTransport
- Remove the battery.
- Never transport batteries in bulk form (loose, unprotected).
- Check accessory tools and batteries for damage before use after long periods of transport.
- Store the tool, accessory tools and batteries in a place that is as cool and dry as possible.
- Never store batteries in direct sunlight, on heating units or behind a window pane.
- Store the tool, accessory tools and batteries in a place where they cannot be accessed by children or unauthorized persons.
- Check the tool, accessory tools and batteries for damage before use after long periods of storage.
TroubleshootingIf the trouble you are experiencing is not listed in this table or you are unable to remedy the problem by yourself, contact Hilti Service.
|Trouble or fault
||Action to be taken
|The battery runs down more quickly than usual.
||Very low ambient temperature.
|The battery doesn’t engage with an audible click.
||The retaining lugs on the battery are dirty.
|1 LED flashes.
The device does not work.
|The battery is too hot or too cold.
|All 4 LEDs flash.
The device does not work.
|The tool has been overloaded.
|The power tool or battery gets very hot.
|The power tool does not develop full power.
||A battery with inadequate capacity was used.
|The motor has no braking effect.
|The power tool was overloaded briefly.
|The power tool vibrates strongly.
||Accessory tool is not compatible with the power tool.
|Accessory tool is damaged, out of true or imbalanced.
DisposalMost of the materials from which Hilti tools and appliances are manufactured can be recycled. The materials must be correctly separated before they can be recycled. In many countries, your old tools, machines or appliances can be returned to Hilti for recycling. Ask Hilti Service or your Hilti representative for further information.
Battery disposalImproper disposal of batteries can result in health hazards from leaking gases or fluids.
- DO NOT send batteries through the mail!
- Cover the terminals with a non-conductive material (such as electrical tape) to prevent short circuiting.
- Dispose of your battery out of the reach of children.
- Dispose of the battery at your Hilti Store , or consult your local governmental garbage disposal or public health and safety resources for disposal instructions.
- Please contact your local Hilti representative if you have questions about the warranty conditions.